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An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who specializes in the care of the eyes including prevention of diseases. These doctors complete an extensive educational program which includes a four-year undergraduate program, four years of medical school, a one year internship and three or more years of specialized training relevant to the doctor's area of expertise.
Ophthalmologists may hold the title of either doctor of medicine (MD) or doctor of osteopathy (DO). Regardless of the title the ophthalmologist holds, he should be well qualified to care for all aspects of the health of the visual system. This may include, but is not limited to, eye examinations, surgical care, treatment and prevention of diseases and treatment of visual problems caused by medical conditions unrelated to the eye.